The United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development held in June 2012 (Rio+20) ranked green economy as one of the major international concerns. The conference highlighted that the current consumption and production methods relating to economic and population growth have led to overexploitation of natural resources and seriously damaged the environment and ecosystem balance. Good environmental governance and the optimization of scarce resources are even more crucial in such a context that is highly vulnerable to climate change and economic and budgetary constraints.
Beyond appraising the state of solid waste management, based on the most recent data, the project will produce a policy-oriented report that evaluates the progress towards the realization of sustainable waste management targets and assesses current policies. Ultimately, the report will propose alternative policies and remedial action.
The project ran from February 2015 to September 2016. The InterAcademy Partnership had issued a call for participation. The call encouraged active participation of junior/senior experts in the fields of solid waste management, environmental science, green economy and sustainable development. Experts were encouraged to participate in this report by submitting proposals, best practice case studies, in particular in the following areas: Investing in benefits from greening the waste sector, enabling conditions for greening waste sector such as such as financing, economic incentives, policy and regulatory measures, and institutional arrangements.
The work on the report covered waste management and green economy in three world regions; (1) countries with advanced economies (G8), (2) transition and emerging economy countries (BRICS), and (3) developing economies. A sub-group consisting of experts and research assistants was working on each of the three regions.
The project received abstracts from experts from all over the world. Submitted were case studies from individual countries sharing knowledge on relevant policies and ongoing initiatives in their region, analysis of perceptions, practices and business expectations relating waste management to the green economy, and highlighting the role of the industrial sector in the development of the green economy.